More than the usual decade ago, Canada was the very first country introducing graphic health warnings externally cigarette packages, that has proven effective at lowering the country’s smoking rate. New research states that when the United States tries an identical approach, we, too, might have considerably lower rates of smoking.
The research, published in November online in the journal Tobacco Control, found that Canadian labels on cigarettes resulted in a couple.9 to 4.7 percentage point reduction in smoking rates. If the Usa had implemented similar labeling requirements, researchers estimate that this would have translated to 5.3 to eight.Six million fewer U.S. smokers in 2013.
By using statistical methods, researchers compared smoking rates in the United States and Canada during a period of nine years before and after Canada introduced graphic warning labels. Also factored in to the analysis was the price of cigarettes.
In doing its own research, the meals and Drug Administration (FDA) had estimated merely a 0.088 percentage point reduction in smoking rates after Canada mandated graphic warning labels. However, the November study revealed that the FDA’s so-called regulatory impact analysis accustomed to gauge the effectiveness of the warning labels was inaccurate.
Lead author of the study, Jidong Huang, said inside a statement when he and the team corrected the FDA’s flaws in methodology and considered the value smokers paid, they discovered that graphic warning labels lower cigarette smoking at much higher rates.
In 2009, the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act gave the meals and Drug Administration (FDA) the legal right to require prominent warning labels for cigarettes and smokeless cigarettes and tobacco products. However, the tobacco industry challenged this requirement and a U.S. Court of Appeals ruled that the FDA lacked enough evidence to prove that graphic warning image would actually lessen the smoking rate.
Other research indicates these labels affect behavior in many ways, however, they haven’t yet indicated whether this labeling approach reduces overall smoking rates.
“As a health care provider that has seen nicotine addiction result in strokes, cardiac arrest and cancers within our patients, I advise that people all support graphic labels on cigarettes and tobacco products,” says Dr. Prentiss Taylor, an interior medicine/preventive medicine physician with Advocate Medical Group.
“Physicians can ask patients to pull out their pack of any nicotine products and employ future graphic labeling as a springboard for persuasion of tobacco users to free quit hotline resources. Such labels increase understanding of the harms of tobacco products, motivate smokers to stop and reduce relapse rates among smokers who’ve quit,” Dr. Taylor adds.